- Can it be that a white horse is not a horse?
- Advocate: It can.
- Objector: How?
- Advocate: "Horse" is that by means of which one names the shape. "White" is that by means of which one names the color. What names the color is not what names the shape. Hence, I say that a white horse is not a horse.
- Objector: If there are white horses, one cannot say that there are no horses. If one cannot say that there are no horses, doesn't that mean that there are horses? For there to be white horses is for there to be horses. How could it be that the white ones are not horses?
- Advocate: If one wants a horse, that extends to a yellow or black horse. But if one wants a white horse, that does not extend to a yellow or black horse. Suppose that a white horse were a horse. Then what one wants [in the two cases] would be the same. If what one wants were the same, then a white [horse] would not differ from a horse. If what one wants does not differ, then how is it that a yellow or black horse is sometimes acceptable and sometimes unacceptable? It is clear that acceptable and unacceptable are mutually contrary. Hence, yellow and black horses are the same [in that, if there are yellow or black horses], one can respond that there are horses, but one cannot respond that there are white horses. Thus, it is evident that a white horse is not a horse.
François de La Rochefoucauld - Wikiquote
“There is great skill in knowing how to conceal one’s skill.” - Maxim 245
“The desire to appear clever often prevents one from being so.” - Maxim 199
“The truest way to be deceived is to think oneself more knowing than others.” - Maxim 127
“Old men delight in giving good advice as a consolation for the fact that they can no longer provide bad examples.” - Maxim 93
“To succeed in the world we do everything we can to appear successful already.” - Maxim 56
“We should not be upset that others hide the truth from us, when we hide it so often from ourselves.” - Maxim 111 day ago
- Amazon's "Popular Highlights" feature provides one quick and dirty measure. Every book's Kindle page lists the five passages most highlighted by readers. If every reader is getting to the end, those highlights could be scattered throughout the length of the book. If nobody has made it past the introduction, the popular highlights will be clustered at the beginning.
- Thus, the Hawking Index (HI): Take the page numbers of a book's five top highlights, average them, and divide by the number of pages in the whole book. The higher the number, the more of the book we're guessing most people are likely to have read.
- Bestsellers Lean In, by tech executive Sheryl Sandberg; Thinking Fast and Slow, by Nobel Prize–winning economist and psychologist Daniel Kahneman; and Hawking's Brief History of Time all fared poorly, scoring 12.3%, 6.8%, and 6.6%, respectively. But the most unread book of all, by a wide margin, was French economist Thomas Picketty's bestselling Capital in the Twenty-First Century, which came in at 2.4%.
- http: //online.wsj.com/articles/the-summers-most-unread-book-is-1404417569
- "The Goldfinch" by Donna Tartt : 98.5%
- "Catching Fire" by Suzanne Collins : 43.4%
- "The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald : 28.3%
- "Fifty Shades of Grey" by E.L. James: 25.9%
- "Flash Boys" by Michael Lewis : 21.7%
- "Lean In" by Sheryl Sandberg : 12.3%
- "Thinking Fast and Slow" by Daniel Kahneman : 6.8%
- "A Brief History of Time" by Stephen Hawking: 6.6%
- "Capital in the Twenty-First Century" by Thomas Piketty : 2.4%